Sunday, January 1, 2017

Health Psychology Week 5 Quiz and Answers

Health Psychology Week 5
Pain has important medical consequences because 
A. patients' delay behavior is related to the experience of debilitating pain.

B. practitioners are trained to devote a significant amount of time to diagnosing the source of pain, which often impairs the quality of medical interactions.

C. it is the symptom most likely to lead an individual to seek treatment.
D. after death, pain is the most feared aspect of illness or medical treatment.
Athletes who continue to play, despite being injured, may be experiencing a short-term reduction of pain sensitivity due to 

A. sympathetic arousal.

B. parasympathetic arousal.

C. effective training and coaching.
D. activities that focus their attention on the pain.
Pain behaviors 

A. are observable, measurable behaviors that are manifestations of chronic pain.

B. have proven useful in identifying the dynamics of different pain syndromes.

C. are used in assessing the impact of pain on quality of life.
D. All of these.
Nociception is the _______________ of pain. 

A. physiological process
B. chemical process
C. sensation

D. perception 

Endogenous opioids are 

A. substances produced by the substantia gelatinosa that help regulate pain.

B. substances produced by the brain and glands that help regulate pain.
C. specialized receptor sites that play an active role in the regulation of pain.

D. drugs, such as heroin and morphine, that help control pain.
Chronic low back pain and myofascial pain syndrome are examples of 

A. acute pain.

B. chronic benign pain.

C. recurrent acute pain.
D. chronic progressive pain
In comparison with acute pain patients, chronic pain patients
A. share a similar psychological profile. 
B. experience higher levels of pain.
C. are more responsive to pain management techniques.
D. suffer from a syndrome involving physiological, psychological, social and behavioral components.

Chronic pain patients _______________ compared to persons without chronic pain. 
A. experience pain more acutely

B. have increased sensitivity to noxious stimulation

C. have impairment in pain regulatory systems

D. All of these.

According to Ciccone et al. (1999), chronic pain patients whose spouses provide support and positive attention 
A. experience good marital and sexual functioning.
B. may inadvertently maintain or increase the expression of pain.
C. restrict their social contact to members of their immediate family.
D. take smaller amounts of pain killers than patients who do not receive such support.
According to research investigating personality variables observed in chronic pain patients, 
A. there is a pain-prone personality, which, like the disease-prone personality, is characterized by negative affectivity.

B. a significant proportion of the population appears to be predisposed to experience pain.

C. personality change is often a consequence of pain, but personality variables are seldom involved as causes.
D. different personality factors may be involved in different types of pain.

Antidepressants combat pain by 
A. reducing anxiety.

B. improving mood.

C. affecting the downward pathways from the brain that control pain.

D. All of these.

Pharmacological control of pain 
A. is dangerous in that it usually leads to addiction to prescription drugs.
B. is of no concern to researchers and practitioners.
C. has a low probability of leading to addiction to prescription drugs.

D. is the treatment of last resort.
Counterirritation involves 
A. influencing the central control mechanism.
B. inhibiting pain in one part of the body by stimulating another area.
C. creating lesions in pain fibers and receptors.
D. influencing the transmission of pain impulses from the peripheral receptors.
Relaxation training strategies are 

A. seldom effective by themselves and need to be combined with other methods of pain control.

B. generally less effective in reducing chronic pain than are meditation techniques.

C. effective in alleviating chronic but not acute pain.
D. All of these.
Hypnosis relies on 

A. physiological relaxation.

B. distraction.

C. reinterpretation of sensations.

D. All of these.

In general, distraction is most effective in reducing pain when 

A. the pain is of high intensity.

B. the pain is of low intensity.

C. the pain is chronic.
D. suggestion or sensory redefinition is impractical.
Cognitive-behavioral pain interventions 
A. encourage patients to entrust the management of their pain to the treatment team.

B. attempt to modify maladaptive cognitions but not overt and covert behaviors.

C. encourage clients to attribute their success to the treatment intervention.

D. None of these.

Pain management programs incorporate 
A. individualized treatment.
B. an interdisciplinary team of practitioners.

C. an evaluation of the patient's physical, emotional, and mental functioning. 
D. All of these.

Placebo effects vary according to 

A. how a provider interacts with the patient.

B. how much a provider believes in the power of the placebo.
C. a provider's warmth, confidence, and empathy.
D. All of these are correct.

A. is directly related to the severity of physical symptoms.
B. has an important survival function.

C. has little medical significance outside of motivating most patients to seek treatment.

D. is an important component of most medical school curricula.